What Does Law Mean In The Bible?
- Marvin Harvey
DEFINITION OF LAW – A Dictionary definition says that a ‘law’ is “a rule established among a community and enjoining or prohibiting certain action, the system made up of these rules, its controlling power, the order produced by it, its administration” etc.
(The Australian Oxford Dictionary) So we have the word defined as a rule or set of rules which prescribe or prohibit our actions to conform to a certain order or pattern of behaviour. The ‘Law of God’ has many aspects and there are a variety of words used in the Hebrew text, for the different categories within His Law which identifies their classification.
The word ‘torah’ is the Hebrew word for teaching and direction for life and the one mostly used for the laws/principles which Yahweh God has given to His people for their benefit and spiritual well-being. This is a different concept from the meaning which we normally attach to the word ‘law’ and its penalties.
The other categories for instance are, The Judgments (Mishpatim) are the methods of administering justice in human affairs. The Statutes (Chukkim) are the precepts or regulations for Health Care and Hygiene etc. The Testimonies (Edot) are the earthly types that give witness to His plans and purposes (Tabernacle, Feasts) The Commands (Mitzvot) are the ordinances or commands related to the terms of the covenant
The word ‘law’ is used in very general terms in the New Testament, to cover a wide variety of meaning unlike the Hebrew of the Old Testament. The word in Greek is NOMOS which according to Vine’s Expository Dictionary means “to divide out, primarily that which is assigned, hence, usage, custom, or by statute;,
nomos became the established name for law as decreed by state and set up as the standard for the administration of justice. In the New Testament it is used in general expressing a general principle relating to law.” Youngs Analytical Concordance gives the rendition of ‘nomos’, as ‘law, ordinance, custom’.
The term ‘law’ then in the new Testament was used for every aspect of the body of the Law, whereas, in the Old Testament we have several Hebrew words for our English ‘law’ which cover the varieties of meaning from laws, statutes and precepts to directions or teaching.
What is the law according to Jesus?
The law is the Ten Commandments as given by God to Moses which have been summed under two by Christ: Love God with your heart, soul, mind and strength and love your neighbor as yourself. Love God and do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
What is God’s law according to the Bible?
As I address this vast audience in this historic Tabernacle on Temple Square this beautiful Sabbath morning and visualize the great numbers listening in elsewhere, I humbly pray that the Spirit and blessings of the Lord will attend us. As we observe the bicentennial of this great United States of America, I am reminded of two significant statements made by the Lord through his prophets: “Behold, this is a choice land, and whatsoever nation shall possess it shall be free from bondage, and from captivity, and from all other nations under heaven, if they will but serve the God of the land, who is Jesus Christ.” ( Ether 2:12,) He also said, “And for this purpose have I established the Constitution of this land, by the hands of wise men whom I raised up unto this very purpose.” ( D&C 101:80,) I wish to join wholeheartedly with the millions of people who appreciate this country in which we live and are determined to do what they can to maintain and strengthen the principles of democracy established by our Founding Fathers.
- To do this, it is most important that we be loyal and law-abiding citizens.
- Some time ago a young man said to me, “Why do we have so many laws and rules and regulations? Why can’t we just be free to do what we want to do? The Church teaches that man is that he might have joy, and that the greatest gift of God to man is free agency.” I tried to explain to him that everything in the universe, and the universe itself as organized by a divine Creator, is governed by laws, known as the laws of nature; and that we must have laws of the land, or of man, so that we might have order and protect the rights of mankind and punish those who infringe on the rights of others.
I gave him several examples of what I was referring to. Then we talked at some length about the laws of God and how important it is that we keep his commandments. Without going further into the details of our conversation, I should like today to deal with the majesty of law as it affects mankind.
For the sake of this discussion let us divide it into three subheadings: First, the laws of nature; second, the laws of man, or the laws of the land; third, the laws of God as they pertain to our salvation and exaltation. Speaking first of the laws of nature, have you ever stopped to think what would happen if we could not depend on the sun rising at a certain time each morning? Or if the earth failed to rotate on its axis for only one day, or for just a few minutes? Or if the law of gravity were suspended? In a very short time, the earth and all mankind would be destroyed.
All bodies of the universe are controlled in space and move according to law. If iron, when heated, were to expand one day and contract the next, it would be impossible for anyone in the world to operate a machine shop or produce implements of any kind.
- These laws are immutable and must be such that we can depend upon them at all times and under all circumstances.
- It would be interesting to review in our minds all the things we do every day and see how totally we depend on the laws of nature and how they must be followed to the very letter in order to accomplish our purposes.
We have seen men walk on the moon, and we have marveled that man and spacecraft from different countries could have a rendezvous in space. We have watched the Viking leave on a mission to Mars in search for evidence of life. If any of the natural laws had been ignored or had failed to operate, the space missions would have been complete failures and lives would have been lost.
- We are awed when we read of the predictions of astronomers who can foretell so accurately the appearance of comets and eclipses.
- All of this is possible only because through the laws of nature, the Creator keeps creation in its course.
- Law is simply the application of truth.
- Let me draw your attention to some statements taken from the writings of great thinkers: Frank Crane: “Truth is the logic of the universe.
It is the reasoning of destiny; it is the mind of God. And nothing that man can devise or discover can take its place.” (Quoted by Leo J. Muir, Flashes from the Eternal Semaphore, Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1928, p.100.) W. Radcliffe said, “There is no progress in fundamental truth.
We may grow in knowledge of its meaning, and in the modes of its application, but its great principles will forever be the same.” (Ibid., p.101.) In a revelation to Joseph Smith the Lord declared: “And again, very I say unto you, he hath given a law unto all things, by which they move in their times and their seasons; “And their courses are fixed, even the courses of the heavens and the earth, which comprehend the earth and all the planets.
“And they give light to each other in their times and in their seasons, in their minutes, in their hours, in their days, in their weeks, in their months, in their years. “The earth rolls upon her wings, and the sun giveth his light by day, and the moon giveth her light by night, and the stars also give their light, as they roll upon their wings in their glory, in the midst of the power of God.
- Behold, all these are kingdoms, and any man who hath seen any or the least of these hath seen God moving in his majesty and power.” ( D&C 88:42–45, 47,) So, regardless of whether or not we know or understand the laws of nature, they always operate the same.
- A child, though ignorant of the law, will get burned if he touches a hot stove.
If we disregard the law of gravity, we may get seriously hurt. If we know and understand the laws of nature and live by them, we benefit thereby and can be free of the hazards facing those who ignore these laws or go contrary to them. Now, regarding the laws of the land, or the laws of man, it is necessary that we be governed by laws, which are made not alone to curb the evildoer, but to protect the rights of all.
Let me quote from the Doctrine and Covenants: “We believe that governments were instituted of God for the benefit of man; and that he holds men accountable for their acts in relation to them, both in making laws and administering them, for the good and safety of society. “We believe that no government can exist in peace, except such laws are framed and held inviolate as will secure to each individual the free exercise of conscience, the right and control of property, and the protection of life.
“We believe that all governments necessarily require civil officers and magistrates to enforce the laws of the same; and that such as will administer the law in equity and justice should be sought for and upheld by the voice of the people if a republic, or the will of the sovereign.” ( D&C 134:1–3,) Our Twelfth Article of Faith states: “We believe in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and magistrates, in obeying, honoring, and sustaining the law.” It is most important that all citizens be informed in matters of government; that they know and understand the laws of the land; and that they take an active part wherever possible in choosing and electing honest and wise men to administer the affairs of government.
There are many who question the constitutionality of certain acts passed by their respective governments, even though such laws have been established by the highest courts in the land as being constitutional, and they feel to defy and disobey the law. Abraham Lincoln once observed: “Bad laws, if they exist, should be repealed as soon as possible; still, while they continue in force, they should be religiously observed.” This is the attitude of the Church in regard to law observance.
We agree with the author of the following statement: “In reality the man who defies or flouts the law is like the proverbial fool who saws away the plank on which he sits, and a disrespect or disregard for law is always the first sign of a disintegrating society.
Respect for law is the most fundamental of all social virtues, for the alternative to the rule of law is that of violence and anarchy.” ( Case and Comment, March/April issue, 1965, p.20.) There is no reason or justification for men to disregard or break the law or try to take it into their own hands.
Christ gave us the great example of a law-abiding citizen when the Pharisees, trying to entangle him, as the scriptures say, asked him if it were lawful to give tribute money unto Caesar. After asking whose inscription was on the tribute money, and their acknowledgment that it was Caesar’s, he said: “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s.” ( Matt.22:21,) It is the duty of citizens of any country to remember that they have individual responsibilities, and that they must operate within the law of the country in which they have chosen to live.
I quote further from the Doctrine and Covenants: “We believe that all men are bound to sustain and uphold the respective governments in which they reside, while protected in their inherent and inalienable rights by the laws of such governments; and that sedition and rebellion are unbecoming every citizen thus protected, and should be punished accordingly; and that all governments have a right to enact such laws as in their own judgments are best calculated to secure the public interest; at the same time, however, holding sacred the freedom of conscience.” ( D&C 134:5,) Now regarding the laws of God.
They are as clear and as binding and as irrevocable as those of nature, and our success or failure, our happiness or unhappiness, depend on our knowledge and application of these laws in our lives. We are told: “There is a law, irrevocably decreed in heaven before the foundations of this world, upon which all blessings are predicated— “And when we obtain any blessing from God, it is by obedience to that law upon which it is predicated.” ( D&C 130:20–21,) We believe that the gospel contains the laws of life, pertaining to our human relations, to moral and spiritual living—laws that are just as valid in their field of operation as are the laws of nature in the world of natural phenomena.
- The Prophet Joseph Smith recognized the importance of gaining knowledge and being obedient to the law.
- He instructed the Saints: “Whatever principle of intelligence we attain unto in this life, it will rise with us in the resurrection.
- And if a person gains more knowledge and intelligence in this life through his diligence and obedience than another, he will have so much the advantage in the world to come.” ( D&C 130:18–19, italics added.) The word of the Lord is so clear to us, and his laws so plainly designed for our happiness, that it is difficult to understand why some people feel their own judgment is superior, and disregard God’s laws and bring upon themselves misery and unhappiness by so doing.
The prophet Jacob counseled: “Wherefore, brethren, seek not to counsel the Lord, but to take counsel from his hand. For behold, ye yourselves know that he counseleth in wisdom, and in justice, and in great mercy, over all his works.” ( Jacob 4:10,) And from the depth of his great wisdom, Solomon said, “Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding.
- In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.” ( Prov.3:5–6,) The road signs are clear in the gospel of Jesus Christ.
- We have the Ten Commandments, examples of which are: “Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
- Thou shalt not kill, steal, commit adultery, bear false witness.
- Thou shalt keep the Sabbath Day holy,” etc.
(See Ex.20,) We have the Sermon on the Mount, with which you should all be familiar. We have been told by Jesus which is the great commandment in the law: “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
“This is the first and great commandment. “And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.” ( Matt.22:37–39,) It is impossible to estimate or overemphasize the great effect the keeping of these two commandments would have on the whole world. Peace and righteousness would reign.
We also have as a guide other scriptures which contain the word of the Lord as it has been given by revelation direct from God through his chosen prophets, including our own President and Prophet, Spencer W. Kimball, through whom the Lord speaks today; and it is by accepting and living these teachings that we can gain eternal life.
Let us all have the courage to feel and say, with Paul: “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth.” ( Rom.1:16,) The Lord said, “This is my work and my glory—to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man.” ( Moses 1:39,) This was so important to him that he gave his life, and through his atoning sacrifice made it possible for us to be resurrected, and to enjoy immortality and exaltation.
How fortunate we are to have the great privilege, blessing, and opportunity as missionaries to help him achieve his great purpose. We have this binding contract: “I, the Lord, am bound when ye do what I say; but when ye do not what I say, ye have no promise.” ( D&C 82:10,) And we also have this warning: “He that receiveth my law and doeth it, the same is my disciple; and he that saith he receiveth it and doeth it not, the same is not my disciple, and shall be cast out from among you.” ( D&C 41:5,) So it should be clear to all that there is no conflict, as my young friend seemed to feel, between the teachings of the Church that “man is that he might have joy,” and that “the greatest gift of God to man is his free agency,” and the fact that we must have laws.
- We have the freedom to choose to obey the laws upon which blessings are predicated, and enjoy those blessings; or we can choose to disobey the law, with the result that we will never enjoy the fulness of joy which was intended for us.
- I conclude with this glorious promise of the Lord: “Behold, blessed, saith the Lord, are they who have come up unto this land with an eye single to my glory, according to my commandments.
“For those that live shall inherit the earth, and those that die shall rest from all their labors, and their works shall follow them; and they shall receive a crown in the mansions of my Father, which I have prepared for them. “Yea, blessed are they whose feet stand upon the land of Zion, who have obeyed my gospel; for they shall receive for their reward the good things of the earth, and it shall bring forth in its strength.
- And they shall also be crowned with blessings from above, yea, and with commandments not a few, and with revelations in their time—they that are faithful and diligent before me.
- Wherefore, I give unto them a commandment, saying thus: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy might, mind, and strength; and in the name of Jesus Christ thou shalt serve him.” ( D&C 59:1–5,) I testify that these things are true, in the name of Jesus Christ.
What is the law in the Bible New Testament?
The word law in the New Testament is the translation of the Greek word nomos. Law is generally any working principle that regulates conduct in life. Such principles can originate from God directly or indirectly by the nature of the operation of His creation. They also can be devised by mankind to promote order.
What is the difference between the law and the word of God?
Video Notes: Here is the difference between Jesus and the law: The law tells you what to do, but it can’t give you the power to do it. Jesus tells you what to do, and he gives you the power to do it. That is where strength, hope, and faith begin. It begins because the Son of God has come. So, how did God do what the law could not do? He did it “by sending his own Son” What did the Son of God do, that would forgive past sins and empower future obedience?
“He condemned sin in the flesh” (Romans 8:3). By dying on the cross, where his flesh was torn and his blood was shed, Jesus Christ made provision for all of our past sins.But it does not end there. He rose from the dead, and as the living Lord and the ascended Savior, he works by his Holy Spirit to give strength, hope, and faith.He did all this “in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit” (Romans 8:3-4).
I was reading this week about a woman who endured a long period of darkness and depression. When, by God’s grace, she finally got relief, this was her testimony: “I realized after all these years that I was looking to find in myself what I needed to find in him.” The good news for the person without strength, without hope, and without faith today is that it does not lie in you.
- It lies in Jesus.
- There is a Savior who can be trusted, and in him there is hope and there is strength for you.
- These are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name” (John 20:31).
- There is a Savior whose Word brings strength to the powerless, hope to the hopeless, and faith to the faithless.
May his Word bring new strength, new hope, and new faith to all of us today. Taken from Pastor Colin’s sermon ” He Gives Strength,” Colin Smith is the Senior Pastor of The Orchard Evangelical Free Church in the northwest suburbs of Chicago. He has authored a number of books, including Heaven, How I Got Here and Heaven, So Near – So Far,
What are the 2 laws of God?
Jesus Christ was perfect exemplar of the two ‘great commandments’ Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment.And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. (Matt.22:37-40.) As the embodiment of love, Jesus Christ was supremely qualified to issue the two great commandments, which He did while serving as the perfect exemplar of both. From His boyhood, the Savior witnessed His absolute love and devotion to God the Father in word and deed, exemplifying the first great commandment to love God with all one’s heart, soul and mind.
As a youth, Jesus declared that he “must be about my Father’s business,” (Luke 2:49.), and later that He “can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do.” (John 5:19.) He declared His oneness with the Father (John 10:30.), yet humbly deferred to His Father as indicated in His succinct comment to His disciples that “my Father is greater than I.” (John 14:28.) Throughout His life, the Savior manifested a perfect love of His Father through absolute obedience, “that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do.
.” (John 14:31.) That obedience and love culminated in Gethsemane, wherein during His moments of atoning agony Jesus prayed: “O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.” (Matt.26:39.) This love Jesus demonstrated for His Father was consistent with the Savior’s perfect love for others, manifest in His life of service and through the supreme sacrifice of laying “down his life for his friends.” (John 15:13.) Jesus spent His life ministering to others’ needs.
He taught through word and deed that “he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.” (Matt.23:11.) His good deeds – teaching the gospel, healing the sick and infirmed, comforting the lonely, reproving evil, raising the dead – were each a demonstration of love, often administered to “the one” and with the admonition to “tell no man.” (Matt.8:4.) These acts were of such number and magnificence that “if they should be written every one,,
even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written.” (John 21:25.) Yet even with that acclaim He served and loved in perfect purity, enjoining his disciples to “let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth.” (Matt.6:3-4.) The Apostle Paul and the prophet Mormon defined such a purity of love as charity and encouraged its acquisition as the loftiest of virtues.
Mormon’s definition of charity, as given in the writings of his son, Moroni, is a precise description of the attributes of love the Savior manifest toward His Father and all mankind: “And charity suffereth long, and is kind, and envieth not, and is not puffed up, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil, and rejoiceth not in iniquity but rejoiceth in the truth, beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Charity is the pure love of Christ, and it endureth forever; and whoso is found possessed of it at the last day, it shall be well with him.” (Mor.7:45, 47.) Moroni further emphasized the absolute need to acquire charity in order to return to Heavenly Father’s presence: “And except ye have charity ye can in nowise be saved in the kingdom of God.” (Mor.10:21.) Mormon provided a key to obtaining this purity of love: “Wherefore, my beloved brethren, pray unto the Father with all the energy of heart, that ye may be filled with this love, which he hath bestowed upon all who are true followers of his Son, Jesus Christ;,
that when he shall appear we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.” (Mor.7:48.) Paul taught that love, or charity, encompasses all of the commandments and is the “fulfilling of the law”; that all commandments are “briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.” (Rom.13:8-10.) An explicit definition of one’s “neighbor” was given by the Savior immediately on the heels of His declaration of the two great commandments.
- When asked by a certain lawyer, “And who is my neighbour?” Jesus then responded with the parable of the good Samaritan.
- In the story, several phrases are used to describe the charitable acts of the Samaritan toward his stripped and wounded Jewish neighbor who had fallen among thieves.
- In spite of the long-held animosity between the people of Samaria and the Jews, the Samaritan “had compassion on him, “And went to him, and bound up his wounds,,
and took care of him.” The charitable Samaritan then charged the wounded man’s care to an innkeeper, paid for his services and promised to return to repay any additional charges. “Take care of him,” the Samaritan told the inn’s host. (Luke 10:30-35.) At the parable’s conclusion, Jesus directly counseled the lawyer to “Go, and do thou likewise.” (Luke 10:37.) Doing “likewise” is the ultimate demonstration of a person’s love for God and others.
Again, Jesus was the master teacher and exemplar of this principle. In the parable of the sheep and the goats he described those on the right hand of God being called forth and rewarded at the day of judgment:”Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:”For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in:”Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
“Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink? “When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee? “Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? “And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.” (Matt.25:35-40.) Conversely, he taught that those who fail to perform such acts of charity “shall go away into everlasting punishment.” (Matt.25:41-46.) Because of God’s perfect love for all of His children, He feels of the pain and the joy they experience at the hands of others.
Doing unto others – for good or ill – is the same as doing it unto God. Thus the two great commandments are tied intrinsically together, interwoven in the ultimate law of love. This marriage of the two great commandments was summed up by President N. Eldon Tanner, then second counselor in the First Presidency, who spoke of the two in singular fashion: “Let us never forget that the Lord gave us this commandment to love God and to love one another and apply the Golden Rule.
We cannot love God without loving our neighbor, and we cannot truly love our neighbor without loving God.” (Conference Report, April 1967, p.105.) The gospel is encompassed in the law of love, for God is Love. (1 John 3:8.) : Jesus Christ was perfect exemplar of the two ‘great commandments’
What law comes directly from God?
What is Divine Law – Divine law is any law or rule that is believed to come directly from God. It is the law of God. Also, humans typically see divine law as superior to natural law or secular law. Those who believe in divine law are of the view that divine law has greater authority than other laws.
Moreover, they believe that it cannot be changed by humans or human authorities. Therefore, the main characteristics of divine law are 1) it is universal and permeant, 2) created by a supreme being, 3) and guides people to become good. Belief in the divine in law is not common to one religion. Almost all the religions in the world have this type of law.
According to Thomas Aquinas’s Treatise on Law, divine law comes only from revelation or scripture; hence, Christians may call it biblical law. In addition, we also call it the ‘Word of God’. Other religions also have their own divine law; the Holy Quran and the Code of Hammurabi are two such examples.
What is the purpose of the law?
LAW – L aws are rules that bind all people living in a community. protect our general safety, and ensure our rights as citizens against abuses by other people, by organizations, and by the government itself. We have laws to help provide for our general safety. These exist at the local, state and national levels, and include things like:
Laws about food safety. At the state and local level, health departments have guidelines that restaurants follow for how to store and prepare food in a healthy manner, so that diners won’t get sick. At the national level, the Department of Agriculture and other federal agencies inspect food production plants to be sure that the food that shows up in your supermarket is safe to eat. Speed limits and traffic laws exist so that we drive in a safe manner. Licensing for doctors and nurses ensures proper training of the people who look after us, and who often have our lives in their hands.
We also have laws that protect our rights as citizens, and which include things like:
Laws that come from the Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution, that guarantee our basic freedoms like freedom of speech, religion, and the press. Laws that protect us from discrimination because of our race, gender, age, or because of a disability.
Where is the law in the Bible?
Content – The content of the Law is spread among the books of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, and then reiterated and added to in Deuteronomy, This includes:
- The Ten Commandments
- Moral laws – on murder, theft, honesty, adultery, etc.
- Social laws – on property, inheritance, marriage and divorce.
- Food laws – on what is clean and unclean, on cooking and storing food.
- Purity laws – on menstruation, seminal emissions, skin disease and mildew, etc.
- Feasts – the Day of Atonement, Passover, Feast of Tabernacles, Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks etc.
- Sacrifices and offerings – the sin offering, burnt offering, whole offering, heave offering, Passover sacrifice, meal offering, wave offering, peace offering, drink offering, thank offering, dough offering, incense offering, red heifer, scapegoat, first fruits, etc.
- Instructions for the priesthood and the high priest, including tithes,
- Instructions regarding the Tabernacle, and which were later applied to the Temple in Jerusalem, including those concerning the Holy of Holies containing the Ark of the Covenant (in which were the tablets of the law, Aaron’s rod, the manna ). Instructions and for the construction of various altars,
- Forward looking instructions for time when Israel would demand a king,
What are the 3 uses of God’s law?
Reformed view – The distinction between law and gospel is a standard formulation in Reformed theology, though in recent years some have characterized it as distinctively Lutheran. Zacharias Ursinus sharply distinguished the law and gospel as “the chief and general divisions of the holy scriptures” in his commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism,
- “hile it shows God’s righteousness,,, it warns, informs, convicts, and lastly condemns, every man of his own unrighteousness” (2.7.6).
- It functions “by fear of punishment to restrain certain men who are untouched by any care for what is just and right unless compelled by hearing the dire threats in the law” (2.7.10).
- “It admonishes believers and urges them on in well-doing” (2.7.12-13).
This scheme is the same as the Formula of Concord, with the exception that the first and second uses are switched. In later Reformed scholasticism the order is the same as for Lutherans. The three uses are called:
- The usus politicus sive civilis, the political or civil use, is a restraint on sin and stands apart from the work of salvation. It is part of God’s general revelation or common grace for unbelievers as well as believers.
- The usus elenchticus sive paedagogicus, the elenctical or pedagogical use which confronts sin and points us to Christ.
- The usus didacticus sive normativus, the didactic use, which is solely for believers, teaching the way of righteousness.
The Heidelberg Catechism, in explaining the third use of the Law, teaches that the moral law as contained in the Ten Commandments is binding for Christians and that it instructs Christians how to live in service to God in gratitude for His grace shown in redeeming mankind. John Calvin deemed this third use of the Law as its primary use.
What law did Jesus fulfill?
What is the law of Moses? – “The law of Moses consisted of many ceremonies, rituals and symbols to remind the people frequently of their duties and responsibilities,” states the Bible Dictionary in the Latter-day Saint edition of the King James Bible.
- It included a law of carnal commandments and performances, added to the basic laws of the gospel.
- Faith, repentance, baptism in water, and remission of sins were part of the law, as were also the Ten Commandments.
- Although inferior to the fulness of the gospel, there were many provisions in the law of Moses of high ethical and moral value that were equal to the divine laws of any dispensation.
“The law of carnal commandments and much of the ceremonial law were fulfilled at the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The law functioned under the Aaronic Priesthood and was a preparatory gospel to bring its adherents to Christ. “One of the major questions the early Church in Palestine had to decide was about the obligation of Christians to the ceremonial law of Moses.
What are the 3 parts of the rule of law?
Main content More than 200 years ago, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay published a series of essays promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution now known as Federalist Papers, In explaining the need for an independent judiciary, Alexander Hamilton noted in The Federalist # 78 that the federal courts “were designed to be an intermediate body between the people and their legislature” in order to ensure that the people’s representatives acted only within the authority given to Congress under the Constitution.
- The U.S. Constitution is the nation’s fundamental law.
- It codifies the core values of the people.
- Courts have the responsibility to interpret the Constitution’s meaning, as well as the meaning of any laws passed by Congress.
- The Federalist # 78 states further that, if any law passed by Congress conflicts with the Constitution, “the Constitution ought to be preferred to the statute, the intention of the people to the intention of their agents.” “Nor does this conclusion by any means suppose a superiority of the judicial to the legislative power.
It only supposed that the power of the people is superior to both; and that where the will of the legislature, declared in its statutes, stands in opposition to that of the people, declared in the Constitution, the judges ought to be governed by the latter rather than the former.
They ought to regulate their decisions by the fundamental laws, rather than by those which are not fundamental.” The American democratic system is not always based upon simple majority rule. There are certain principles that are so important to the nation that the majority has agreed not to interfere in these areas.
For instance, the Bill of Rights was passed because concepts such as freedom of religion, speech, equal treatment, and due process of law were deemed so important that, barring a Constitutional Amendment, not even a majority should be allowed to change them.
Publicly promulgated Equally enforced Independently adjudicated And consistent with international human rights principles.
The courts play an integral role in maintaining the rule of law, particularly when they hear the grievances voiced by minority groups or by those who may hold minority opinions. Equality before the law is such an essential part of the American system of government that, when a majority, whether acting intentionally or unintentionally, infringes upon the rights of a minority, the Court may see fit to hear both sides of the controversy in court.
What are the 3 sources of our laws?
Key Takeaways –
- The three sources of law are constitutional, statutory, and case law.
- The sources of law are ranked as follows: first, constitutional; second, statutory; and third, case law. Although it is technically ranked the lowest, judicial review makes case law an extremely powerful source of law.
- The purpose of the US and state constitutions is to regulate government action.
- One purpose of statutory law is to regulate individual or private action.
- The purpose of case law is to supplement the law when there is no statute on point and also to interpret statutes and the constitution(s).
- The court’s power to invalidate statutes as unconstitutional is called judicial review.
- The components of a case brief are the following:
- The title, plus citation. The citation indicates where to find the case.
- The procedural facts of the case. The procedural facts discuss who is appealing and in which court the case is located.
- The substantive facts. The substantive facts discuss what happened to instigate the case.
- The issue. The issue is the question the court is examining.
- The substantive holding. The substantive holding answers the issue question and is the case law.
- The procedural holding. The procedural holding discusses what the court did procedurally with the case.
- The rationale. The rationale is the reason the court held the way it did.
What are the main laws in the Bible?
Sources of Law, 1: The Bible The Bible does not focus primarily on matters of secular (i.e., non-religious) law, but what it does say about law had a great influence on later legal systems in many parts of the world. The excerpts below also show that ancient Hebrews took the existence of a sophisticated legal system for granted.
- They also suggest that the Bible’s lessons for social norms are complex.
- On the one hand, many passages emphasize respect for authority and acceptance of traditional social hierarchies that kept slaves, servants, the poor, and women in subordinate roles.
- On the other hand, other passages recognize the need for treating all people fairly and for avoiding the corruption that wealth and power make possible.
A few passages also point to an underlying equality among all people.
The Ten Commandments are the most well-known legal rules found in the Bible (see Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21). Four of these mandates became enduring features of most secular law, namely those that prohibit murder, adultery, theft, and the giving of false testimony against one’s neighbor. Four others are purely religious mandates (worship no other gods; do not make or bow down to any idols; do not misuse God’s name; keep the Sabbath holy); and two state social ideals more than precise legal rules (honor your father and mother; do not covet your neighbor’s house, wife, servant, ox, or donkey). The First Judges : “Moses’ father-in-law said to him: You should also look for able men among all the people, men who fear God, are trustworthy, and hate dishonest gain; set such men over them as officers Let them sit as judges for the people at all times; let them bring every important case to you, but decide every minor case themselves So Moseschose able men from all Israel” ( Exodus 18:17-24). Truthful & Just Testimony : “Do not spread false reports. Do not help a guilty person by being a malicious witness When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd, and do not show favoritism to a poor person in a lawsuit Do not deny justice to your poor people in their lawsuits. Have nothing to do with a false charge Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see and twists the words of the innocent. Do not oppress a foreigner” ( Exodus 23:1-9). Judging Fairly : “Do not pervert justice; do not show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great, but judge your neighbor fairly” ( Leviticus 19:15). “Appoint judges and officials shall judge the people fairly. Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent. Follow justice and justice alone” ( Deuteronomy 16:18-20). “The wicked accept bribes in secret to pervert the course of justice” ( Proverbs 17:23). Number of Witnesses : “One witness is not enough to convict anyone accused of any crime or offense they may have committed. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses” ( Deuteronomy 19:15). “But if they will not listen, take one or two others along, so that ‘every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses'” ( Matthew 18:16). Avoiding Lawsuits & False Testimony (Old Testament) : “Do not go hastily to court, for what will you do in the end, if your neighbor puts you to shame? If you take your neighbor to court, do not betray another’s confidence, or the one who hears it may shame you and the charge against you will stand. Like apples of gold in settings of silver is a ruling rightly given. Like an earring of gold or an ornament of fine gold is the rebuke of a wise judge to a listening ear Like a club or a sword or a sharp arrow is one who gives false testimony against a neighbor” ( Proverbs 25:8-12, 18). Avoiding Lawsuits (New Testament) : “If any of you has a dispute with another, do you dare to take it before the ungodly for judgment instead of before the Lord’s people? Or do you not know that the Lord’s people will judge the world? But instead, one brother takes another to court—and this in front of unbelievers! The very fact that you have lawsuits among you means you have been completely defeated already. Why not rather be wronged? Why not rather be cheated? Instead, you yourselves cheat and do wrong, and you do this to your brothers and sisters. Or do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God?” ( 1 Corinthians 6:1-9). God Appoints Rulers : “Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward” ( 1 Samuel 16:3). “When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel” ( 2 Samuel 5:3). “I have found David my servant; with my holy oil I have anointed him” ( Psalm 89.20). “By me kings reign and rulers issue decrees that are just; by me princes govern, and nobles—all who rule on earth” ( Proverbs 8:15-16). Subjection to Authority : “Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong For the one in authority is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God’s servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also as a matter of conscience. This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God’s servants” ( Romans 13:1-6). Law is for Lawbreakers : “We know that the law is good if one uses it properly. We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious, for those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, for the sexually immoral, for those practicing homosexuality, for slave traders and liars and perjurers—and for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine” ( 1 Timothy 1:8-10). No Need to Change One’s Social Status : “Pilate thensummoned Jesus and asked him, ‘Are you the king of the Jews?’ Jesus said, ‘My kingdom is not of this world’ ( John 18:33, 36). “Each man must remain in that condition in which he was called. Were you called while a slave? Do not worry about it; but if you are able also to become free, rather do that. For he who was called in the Lord while a slave, is the Lord’s freedman; likewise he who was called while free, is Christ’s slave Brethren, each one is to remain with God in that condition in which he was called” ( 1 Corinthians 7:20-22, 24). “Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ” ( Ephesians 6:5). Men and Women: The Curse : “To the woman said, ‘I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth; in pain you will bring forth children; yet your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.’ Then to Adam He said, ‘Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree, cursed is the ground because of you; in toil you will eat of it all the days of your life'” ( Genesis 3:16-17). Women Subordinate to Men (New Testament) : “But I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman” ( 1 Corinthians 11:3). “The women are to keep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but are to subject themselves If they desire to learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is improper for a woman to speak in church” ( 1 Corinthians 14:34-35). “Wives, be subject to your own husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church But as the church is subject to Christ, so also the wives ought to be to their husbands in everything” ( Ephesians 5:22-24). “A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man; she must be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner. But women will be saved through childbearing—if they continue in faith, love and holiness with propriety” ( 1 Timothy 2:11-15). “You husbands, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life” ( 1 Peter 3:7). Equality : “For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit” ( 1 Corinthians 12:13). “So in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus” ( Galatians 3:26-28). ” there is no distinction between Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave and freeman, but Christ is all, and in all” ( Colossians 3:11).
: Sources of Law, 1: The Bible