What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing?

What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing
Safety First – While these regulations stipulate a bare minimum of blaze orange, hunters will increase their safety in the woods and fields by wearing as much exterior blaze orange above their waistline as possible. Especially during firearm seasons, all hunters should exercise caution in their hunting areas by covering themselves and their companions in hunting orange vests, jackets, etc.

Does Montana require hunters to wear orange?

1. Driving Past Game Check Stations – All Montana hunters must stop at game check stations, as directed, when traveling to and from their hunting areas, whether they have game or no t. Old Pointer says: My owner isn’t the sharpest tool in the shed. So it’s good he reads the regs in the bathroom all the time. Montana hunters must wear at least 400 square inches of fluorescent hunter’s orange above the waist. A little orange vest with a backpack covering up most of it won’t cut it. It’s good to be seen! Here’s the best practice on evidence of sex when the animal must come out of the field in parts: On your first load out, haul out a hind quarter with these two things: the sex organs naturally attached and the properly validated tag secured with electrician’s tape.

Is orange Camo legal in Montana?

Do I Need Blaze Orange In My State? – Alabama — All hunters must wear an outer garment above the waist with at least 144 square inches of hunter orange above the waist or a hunter orange hat during firearm seasons for deer, elk, and bear. Check with the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources for specifics.

  1. Alaska — Hunter orange is not required in Alaska, but it is strongly encouraged.
  2. Arizona — Hunter orange is not required in Arizona, but it is strongly encouraged.
  3. Arkansas — During big game firearm seasons, hunters must wear at least 400 square inches of hunter orange above the waist, as well as a blaze orange or hunter safety green hat.

At least 144 square inches of blaze orange is also required on each visible side of ground blinds. California — Hunter orange is not required in California, but it is strongly encouraged. Colorado — Colorado hunters of deer, elk, or antelope must wear at least 500 square inches of solid daylight fluorescent orange above the waist, including a head covering, during firearm seasons.

  1. Bowhunters are not required to wear blaze orange during archery-only seasons.
  2. Connecticut — Anyone hunting from Sept.1 through the end of February in Connecticut must wear at least 400 square inches of blaze orange above the waist and visible from all sides, except archery deer hunters during archery-only seasons.

Other exemptions exist. Check state requirements. Delaware — During firearm season, hunters in Delaware must wear at least 400 square inches of blaze orange on the head, chest, and back. Florida — All Florida deer hunters, and their companions, on public lands must wear at least 500 square inches of fluorescent orange above the waist.

  1. Bowhunters are not required to wear blaze orange during archery-only seasons.
  2. Georgia — Georgia law requires deer, bear, and feral hog hunters, as well as their companions, to wear at least 500 square inches of hunter orange above the waist during firearm deer seasons.
  3. Hawaii — All those hunting or accompanying hunters in public areas in Hawaii must wear a solid blaze orange shirt, vest, coat, or jacket.

The blaze orange must be visible from both the front and back while carrying game or wearing a backpack. Check state requirements to learn about certain exceptions. Idaho — Blaze orange is not required in Idaho, but it is recommended. Illinois — Illinois hunters of all game must wear 400 square inches of blaze inches as well as a hat during firearm deer season.

Upland game hunters must wear a blaze orange hat. Indiana — When hunting deer, small mammals, pheasants, and quail in Indiana, hunters and bowhunters must wear a blaze orange jacket, vest, hat, or coveralls. Bowhunters are not required to wear blaze orange during archery-only season. Iowa — When hunting upland game birds, you must wear a hat or cap that is 50% blaze orange.

When hunting deer with a firearm, you must wear at least one item—other than a hat—that is blaze orange. When hunting deer while using a blind, you must also place at least 144 total square inches of blaze orange material on your blind. Kansas — Big game hunters in Kansas and their companions must wear a hat that is at least 50% blaze orange and visible from all directions as well as a minimum of 100 square inches each on the front and back of their torso.

Entucky — During deer or elk season, all hunters in Kentucky must wear solid blaze orange as an outer garment on the head, chest, and back. Waterfowl and turkey hunters are exempt. Louisiana — Louisiana hunters must wear at least 400 square inches of hunter orange on their head, chest, and back during open deer firearm season.

When hunting on private land, hunters may instead wear a blaze orange hat; requirements don’t apply to hunters in deer stands on private lands that are legally posted or archery hunters. More requirements apply for wildlife management areas and dog seasons for rabbits/squirrels.

Check state requirements. Maine — Maine hunters during open deer firearm season are required to wear two articles of solid blaze orange clothing visible from all sides: a hat and a jacket, vest, coat, or poncho. Moose hunters in the moose district must wear one piece of clothing that is solid blaze orange.

Maryland — All Maryland hunters and their companions must wear a solid blaze orange hat and a vest or jacket with at least 250 square inches of blaze orange on front and back. An outer garment that is at least 50% hunter orange can substitute for the vest or jacket.

Exceptions apply; check state requirements for details. Massachusetts — During firearm seasons in Massachusetts, hunters must wear at least 500 square inches of fluorescent orange on the chest, back, and head. During pheasant and quail season, hunters on WMA land must wear a hunter orange hat. Exceptions apply; check state requirements for details.

Michigan — Between August 15 and April 30, Michigan hunters must wear a hat, jacket, vest, or raingear that is blaze orange. Blaze orange should be visible from all sides and worn as an outer garment. See state for exemptions. Minnesota — Hunters and trappers in Minnesota during open firearm deer season must wear blaze orange on a cap and jacket, vest, shirt or similar.

  • Exceptions apply; check state requirements for details.
  • Mississippi — Mississippi deer hunters in firearm season must wear at least 500 square inches of hunter orange visible from all sides.
  • Missouri — Missouri law requires the hunter orange color to be plainly visible from all directions during firearms deer hunting seasons.

The most important clothing choices are a hunter orange hat and hunter orange outerwear—shirt, vest, or jacket. Exceptions apply; check state requirements for details. Montana — Montana law requires that all big game hunters and anyone accompanying a hunter must have at least 400 square inches of hunter orange material above the waist visible at all times.

A hunter orange hat or cap alone does not meet state requirements. Nebraska — All big game hunters and bowhunters in Nebraska must wear at least 400 square inches of blaze orange on the head, back and chest during firearm deer season; upland game hunters are strongly encouraged to wear blaze orange. Nevada — Blaze orange is not required in Nevada, but it is recommended.

New Hampshire — Blaze orange is not required in New Hampshire, but it is recommended. New Jersey — All deer, game bird, and small mammal hunters using firearms in New Jersey must wear a blaze orange hat or another item with at least 200 square inches of blaze orange visible from all sides.

Exceptions apply to hunters of waterfowl and wild turkey as well as bowhunters. New Mexico — Hunters on White Sands Missile Range must wear at least 244 square inches of blaze orange; hunters on Fort Bliss or McGregor military reservations must wear a blaze orange hat and vest. New York — Anyone hunting big game with a firearm, or accompanying someone hunting big game with a firearm is required to wear solid or patterned fluorescent orange or fluorescent pink hat, vest or jacket.

North Carolina — North Carolina hunters after prey other than foxes, bobcats, raccoons, opossums, or turkeys with a firearm must wear a fluorescent orange hat or garment visible from all sides. North Dakota — Big game hunters, and those hunting during firearm seasons, in North Dakota must wear at least 400 square inches of blaze orange with a hat and garment above the waist.

  • Ohio — During deer season or primitive season in Ohio, hunters must wear a vest, coat, jacket or overalls that are blaze orange.
  • Waterfowl hunters are an exception.
  • Oklahoma — Oklahoma deer, elk, or antelope hunters who use firearms must wear at least 400 square inches of blaze orange as an outer garment above the waist and a hat.

During open firearm deer season, all hunters must follow these requirements. See state for exceptions. Oregon — In Oregon, hunters under 17 years old must wear fluorescent orange visible from all directions as a shirt, jacket, coat, vest, sweater or head covering when hunting game mammals or upland birds with a firearm.

  • All hunters are encouraged to wear hunter orange.
  • Pennsylvania — During the regular firearm deer season in Pennsylvania, hunters must wear at least 250 square inches of hunter orange on their heads, chests, and backs.
  • This rule also applies to special archery deer season hunters when the archery season coincides with the general season for turkey or small game.

Other requirements apply to groundhog and spring turkey hunters. See the state for details. Rhode Island — All hunters in Rhode Island must wear at least 200 square inches of fluorescent orange above the waist and visible from all sides; additional requirements vary by season and type of game.

  • South Carolina — When hunting deer, bear, and hogs on WMA land in South Carolina, hunters must wear a hat, coat, or vest of solid international (or “blaze”) orange when hunting during any gun and muzzleloader season.
  • Exemptions apply; see state for details.
  • South Dakota — All big game firearm hunters in South Dakota must wear more than one hunter orange garment above the waist; turkey hunters are given an exception.

Tennessee — Tennessee hunters must wear at least 500 square inches of blaze orange on their head or upper portion of their body, visible from front and back. Hunters on their own properties or participants in firearm turkey hunts proclaimed by the commission are exempt.

Texas — On National Forests and Grasslands in Texas, hunters and their companions must wear at least 144 square inches of blaze orange on the chest and back as well as a blaze orange hat. Utah — During centerfire rifle hunting in Utah, hunters must wear at least 400 square inches of hunter orange on the head, chest, and back.

Some exceptions apply; see Utah officials for details. Vermont — Blaze orange is not required in Vermont, but it is recommended. Virginia — Virginia hunters during firearm deer season must wear hunter orange on the upper body or a hunter orange hat visible from all sides.

Alternatively, they may display 100 square inches of hunter orange within body reach, at or above shoulder level, and visible from all sides. Washington — A minimum of 400 square inches of blaze or “hunter” orange worn above the waist and visible from all sides is required in Washington. A hat alone does not meet this requirement.

Firearm hunters and those hunting deer/elk during firearm seasons are required to use hunter orange. Exceptions and additional requirements apply. Check with the state for more details. West Virginia — During deer gun season, all West Virginia deer hunters must wear an outer garment with at least 400 square inches of blaze orange.

  1. Wisconsin — During firearm deer season in Wisconsin, hunters must wear at least 50% hunter orange as outer garments above the waist, including head covering.
  2. Waterfowl hunters are given an exception.
  3. Wyoming — Wyoming big game hunters must wear at least one fluorescent orange piece, such as a vest, jacket, or coat.

Only licensed archery hunters at certain times of year are exempt. Small game and bird hunters are required to wear blaze orange when pheasant hunting in a WMA or on lands bordering Glendo State Park; all are strongly recommended to wear hunter orange.

Do you have to wear orange during archery season in Montana?

Archery Hunters – A licensed bowhunter pursuing deer, elk and/or antelope during the Archery Only Season or in an archery only hunting district is not required to meet the hunter orange requirement, even if there is a concurrent firearm season in that hunting district or portion of district.

Do you have to wear orange in your deer stand?

Hunter Orange: Iowa – Iowa’s laws vary, depending on what size and type of animal you’re hunting. Pheasant and small game hunting laws require you wear a hat, cap, vest, jacket, sweatshirt, shirt or coveralls where at least 50 percent is solid blaze orange.

For firearm deer hunting, you must wear a solid blaze orange top or coveralls. A hat is not enough. If you’re firearm deer hunting with a blind, it needs at least 144 square inches of blaze orange that’s visible in every direction. At Blain’s Farm & Fleet, your safety is important to us. That’s why we carry blaze orange clothes for the entire family.

Choose from our wide selection of women’s and men’s hunting clothes, We even have kids’ hunting clothes, Once you’re dressed for the hunt, get all the hunting equipment you need. Plus, you can pick up your hunting license at your local Blain’s Farm & Fleet,

Can you wear pink instead of orange hunting?

Wisconsin – During firearm deer season, at least 50% of a hunter’s outer garments above the waist (including a hat or head covering) must be blaze orange or pink. Solid blaze colors or blaze camouflage is acceptable. Grounds blinds must also display 144 square inches of solid blaze orange. Exception: waterfowl hunting.

Can deer see orange vest?

Have you ever wondered how well deer can see that orange vest you wear during hunting season? We take a look at the incredible vision white-tailed deer possess in this week’s edition of A Wilder View. Many deer hunters have wondered whether they are more visible to their quarry while wearing fluorescent orange clothing – also known as “hunter’s organge.” Likewise, deer researchers and photographers, trying to avoid influencing the behavior of their subjects, have an interest in the color discrimination capabilities of deer.

  • During the day, deer discriminate colors in the range blue to yellow-green and can also distinguish orange and red wavelengths.
  • But at night, deer see color in the blue to the blue-green range.
  • So deer actually can see those orange vests worn by hunters.
  • Although they can detect the color orange, it is the brightness of the fluorescent clothing worn by hunters and not the color per se that most likely draws a deer’s attention.

Deer benefit from this color vision by being able to distinguish different plant species and provides enhanced predator-detection capabilities. Color vision isn’t the only cool thing about their vision. They have a very wide field of vision that is 310 degrees.

  • Humans only have a field of vision of 180 degrees.
  • Another adaptive feature of deer eyes is the tapetum lucidum.
  • This enhances vision under low-light conditions and is responsible for the “eye glare” that you see when a deer is in the spotlight of car’s headlights at night.
  • The tapetum acts as a mirror, reflecting light back through the eye twice – so it’s increasing the brightness that they see by two times.

Deer also possess an adaptive feature that enhances eyesight during the day. They have a ring of pigment in the cornea that is hypothesized to be an anti-glare device – sort of like special deer sunglasses. Although deer rely primarily on hearing and smell to monitor their environment, their vision is an essential complement.

Can you shoot on private property in Montana?

Report Shooting on Private Property in Montana by Gary Marbut, president, Montana Shooting Sports Association January, 2006 Summary The discharge of firearms on private property in Montana is a normal and legal activity, and an accepted facet of Montana culture and heritage, as long as such discharge is not done with careless disregard for the safety of others.

Qualifications to comment The author of this report is the president of the Montana Shooting Sports Association, the primary advocate for hunters and guns owners in Montana; an officer and director of the Western Montana Fish and Game Association, Montana’s oldest (est.1911) and largest regional organization of sportsmen and women in Montana; a member of the International Association of Law Enforcement Firearms Instructors ; a veteran and certified pistol and rifle instructor; certified by the State of Montana as a firearms instructor; author of the book Gun Laws of Montana ; accepted as an expert witness in federal and state courts concerning matters of firearm safety and self defense; the author of and chief proponent for many laws enacted by the Montana Legislature concerning firearms and firearm use; and a former appointee to the Governor’s Advisory Council concerning Montana concealed weapons permits.

See also:  What Is Vacated By Operation Of Law?

The question Some question may exist about the propriety and legality of private property owners shooting on their private property. This discussion will not address safety issues, except to say that it is generally accepted that a person shooting a firearm is responsible for where his bullet lands, and is responsible to conduct his shooting in such a way that other people and property are not placed at significant risk.

  • Thus, the discussion turns to what is common and accepted practice in Montana, and what may be legal and illegal under existing laws.
  • The Montana Constitution The chief articulation of civil authority in Montana is the Montana Constitution.
  • When the people of Montana formed and enfranchised their state government, they adopted a constitution to pool their authority and permissions, and their reservations of authority.

Important to this discussion is the axiom that the Montana people reserved certain powers and prerogatives to themselves, a declaration that in certain areas the created government may not tread. Right to keep and bear arms. This declaration of governmental exclusion includes the individual right to keep and bear arms reserved by the people to the people in Article II, Section 12,

There are features of this reserved right worth comment. Clearly this right is declared to be a right of individual citizens (“any person”) – a right every individual may claim for himself or herself. Also, the framers of this right overtly used the words “may not be called into question.” This was intended as the highest possible bar to government intrusion, higher, for instance, than a compelling state interest.

It is also worth commenting on the cultural content and underpinnings of this reserved right. The exclusion of carrying concealed weapons from this reservation of right is a reflection of the culture of the time of adoption of this provision, adoption both originally in 1889, and again in 1972.

  1. Especially in 1889, it was a cultural norm that an honest citizen carrying a firearm would not conceal the firearm – would carry it in the open where others would be informed of the holder’s possession of the firearm.
  2. This cultural ingredient is noted because the reservation of this right is also laden with other cultural implications, including the right to shoot.

The Maxims of jurisprudence declare at 1-3-213, M.C.A.: “Grant includes essentials. One who grants a thing is presumed to grant also whatever is essential to its use.” By this standard, it must be presumed that when the people of Montana reserved to themselves the right to “keep or bear arms”, they also reserved the essentially included right to shoot firearms.

  1. Right to property.
  2. The word “property” is mentioned in the Montana constitution 20 times.
  3. Property and property rights are important in Montana.
  4. The mention in the Montana Constitution most significant to this discussion is found at Article II, Section 3.
  5. In significant part, this Section says: “All persons have certain inalienable rights the right to acquiring, possessing and protecting property.

In enjoying these rights, all persons recognize corresponding responsibilities.” Pursuant to this discussion, what of the right of a property owner to shoot on his property versus the rights of neighbor property owners to be undisturbed, to be protected from loss of value, or to be free from anxiety? While these questions are not addressed directly in the Montana Constitution, they are addressed affirmatively or by absence in the laws enacted by the Legislature.

  • Let us turn to those laws.
  • Montana Laws Montana laws express the will, culture and ethic of the public, because they are enacted by the representatives of the people in a process specified in the Montana Constitution.
  • As long as these laws are not in conflict with the Montana Constitution, they then elaborate and expand upon the precepts of the Constitution.

They flesh out and give detail and form to the powers and reservations contained in the Constitution. Shooting and shooting ranges. Certainly, the laws of Montana contain many examples of statutes which support the right of citizens to possess and use firearms.

  1. Also, there are laws restricting firearms possession and use in other states which have not been adopted in Montana, not because they are secret or unknown and not by accident, but because it is not the will of the people of Montana.
  2. These restrictions absent in Montana include: No registration of firearms; no registration of firearm owners; no permits required to buy firearms; no permits required to own firearms; no permits required to possess firearms; no permits required to transport firearms; no permits required to buy ammunition; no storage requirements for firearms or ammunition; no state waiting period for firearm purchase; no limit on the firearms a person may buy in a specified period; no sales tax on firearms or ammunition; no personal property tax on firearms or ammunition; no limit on the number of firearms a person may own; no limit on the number of firearms a person may keep at home; no “arsenal license” required for storage of multiple firearms; no gun locks required by law; no state background check for firearm purchase; no regulation of private firearm sales between individuals; no legal duty to retreat or flee if attacked; no permits needed to operate a shooting range outside cities; no permit required to carry concealed weapons outside cities; no licenses, permits or registration to own machine guns; no licenses, permits or registration to own silencers; no restrictions on firearm type or caliber for general game hunting; no regulation of gun shows or firearm sales at gun shows; no permits for gun shows; virtually no restrictions to shooting on public or private lands outside cities.

Montana law has specifically addressed shooting ranges. Before discussing these laws, it may be helpful to define what constitutes a shooting range. A shooting range is a place where people shoot, and which may also have the advantage of a location which lends itself to, or has improvements that augment, safe shooting.

There is no specific definition of a shooting range in Montana law. As with the other laws mentioned above which Montana does not have, this is not an oversight. It is because there is historically such a wide variety of places in Montana where people shoot that the term does not lend itself readily to definition.

And, as with other items common in our culture, we know what it is, just as we know what the “Moon” is. A shooting range is a place where people shoot. While Black’s Law Dictionary defines “shoot” (no surprise in that definition), it does not contain any definition of “shooting range”.

To the extent that Montana law does address shooting ranges, the law is protective of shooting ranges. The Legislature has declared the public policy of protecting shooting range locations at 76-9-101, M.C.A. Recognizing that shooting makes noise, and recognizing a Montana cultural tolerance for noise from shooting, the Legislature has exempted shooting ranges from any state noise standards at 76-9-102, M.C.A,

How then are Montanans protected from possible abuses of the right to possess and use arms, which includes the right to shoot? While self defense is allowed, murder, assault and endangerment are punishable. While shooting outside city limits is allowed, shooting inside city limits is not, except for self defense or at an approved shooting range.

  • While a person may be charged with disorderly conduct for firing firearms, application of that charge requires the charged person’s intent to disturb the peace and riotous or tumultuous conduct, and such charge does not apply to firing at a shooting range.
  • So, while Montana law does place some restrictions on the use of firearms, and shooting on private property would be considered use of a firearm, these restrictions are few, and the restrictions existing deliberately do not include many restrictions that may be found in the laws of other states.

Further, Montana laws are overtly protective of shooting and shooting ranges. Property rights. What about property rights? More specifically, what about the property rights of a person who wishes to shoot on his private property versus the rights of a neighbor who doesn’t understand or doesn’t like shooting, or who is not acquainted with the shooting culture of Montana? What about the “corresponding responsibilities” for property rights mentioned in the Montana Constitution? Certainly property owners have a right to be safe on their property.

There may be, however, a difference between actual safety and a perception of safety. With few exceptions, the law does not protect people from their perceptions, only from reality. The “corresponding responsibilities” of a property owner shooting on his property is to not place neighbors at risk of actual harm.

Any persons who don’t understand shooting, or the culture of shooting in Montana, are referred to the “Code of the West”, a caution adopted by a number of western counties, including Gallatin County of Montana, The Code warns newcomers wishing to locate in rural areas of the county not to assume that their rural road will be plowed immediately after every snowfall, that a farmer’s field treatments may raise dust that will drift across the property line, that a rancher’s cows may moo on the other side of the property-line fence all night, that if there is an emergency it may take an ambulance, fire truck or sheriff’s deputy a while to respond, that rural areas may be subject to uncontrollable wildfires, and more.

Basically, the Code declares, people living in rural areas are and must be more independent, self-regulating and tolerant of local practices and customs than their city-dwelling cousins. If it doesn’t already, the Code ought to warn newcomers to rural lifestyle that rural neighbors commonly shoot in Montana.

Instead of causing fear, neighbors who shoot should give the newcomer the comfort of knowing that somebody nearby is in a position to be able to help defend the newcomer from a rabid animal, or the rare two-legged predator. It should also provide the newcomer an opportunity to learn something of the culture into which they have moved.

  • In response to one property owner’s expressed concern about shooting on adjoining property as a part of hunting, the Legislature affirmed the right of property owners to hunt on their own land with 87-2-121, M.C.A,
  • Conclusion A property owner in Montana clearly has the right to shoot on his own property, without interference from any government entity.

This right is protected in several ways. Such property owner also has a responsibility to conduct his shooting in such a way that he does not carelessly put his neighbors at risk. This is both the law and culture in Montana.

Can you shoot from a vehicle in Montana?

The vehicle from which the permit holder is shooting must be conspicuously marked on the front, rear and both sides with the orange colored Permit to Hunt from a Vehicle placards provided by Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks.

Can I shoot a mountain lion on my property in Montana?

Hunting Law Hunting of mountain lions is allowed in the State of Montana.

How many bullets can you hunt with in Montana?

Rifle/Gun – You can use any caliber of rifle– whether it’s a handgun or shotgun. Thanks to a recent change in the law, there are no longer any restrictions on magazines or ammunition capacity. You can have as many rounds as you want in your gun. There are also no longer any restrictions on semi-automatic or AR-15 style weapons.

Can felons bow hunt in Montana?

Montana felons able to get hunting licenses HELENA, Mont. – Hundreds of people barred from having guns because they are felons on parole or probation are still able to get hunting licenses in Montana with no questions asked, an Associated Press investigation found.

  • Montana may not be alone.
  • While nearly all states ban felons from possessing guns, only a handful – including Rhode Island and Maine – keep them from receiving hunting permits, and just a few others – such as Illinois and Massachusetts – require hunters to show both a hunting license and a firearms license.

“Our license dealers have no way of checking,” said Lt. Rich Mann, with the enforcement program for the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. “If someone wants to play with the system and beat you at it, they will.” The AP examination of Montana hunting and corrections records shows at least 660 felons on parole or probation received tags in the past year.

The findings are based on a comparison of unique first, middle and last names, along with other identifiable information, that appeared in databases of both hunters and felons. A state probation official said the findings likely would prompt the state to consider its own records search to see if parolees are violating terms of their release.

“Obviously that’s a big concern, and it makes me want to look into each of these cases,” said Ron Alsbury, Montana’s probation and parole bureau chief. The licenses don’t specifically require the use of firearms to hunt, and state officials note that most felons could legally hunt using other weapons, such as bows.

  • Several people contacted by the AP said they hunted legally with bows while on probation.
  • However, bows are hardly the weapon of choice for some of the game for which felons were issued tags, such as birds or bison.
  • Jason Beaudoin of Frenchtown, on probation for a 2002 conviction for assault with a deadly weapon, got a series of hunting tags last year, but said he used only a bow and arrow.

“I know I can’t own a firearm or be in possession of one. They made that very clear, and I agree with the policy,” Beaudoin said. “There are plenty of ways people can hunt even though they are barred from using conventional weapons,” added Gary S. Marbut, president of the Montana Shooting Sports Association.

“My guess is that there are a lot of them that are being perfectly decent citizens.” The problem is, no one knows for certain. Some states, including Montana, check for hunting violations as a routine part of a hunting license application, but don’t run spot checks to see if convicted felons are among those applying for licenses or if they plan to use firearms.

“The result in Idaho is that you could theoretically be a convicted cannibal and still have a hunting license,” said Ed Mitchell, a spokesman for the Idaho Department of Fish and Game in Boise. “But if you are a convicted cannibal, you cannot legally own a bent BB gun in the state of Idaho.” With millions of hunters in the U.S.

– nearly 270,000 in Montana alone – authorities in many states say it simply would be too difficult to check if felons are getting hunting tags. North Dakota,officials make sure hunters aren’t delinquent on their child support, and deny permits to those who are, but they don’t check for felony convictions.

Colorado, like most states, relies on its law banning felons from possessing guns to discourage them from applying for hunting licenses. Still, every year game wardens find someone with a felony conviction hunting with a firearm and a legally obtained hunting license, said Bob Thompson, assistant chief of law enforcement for the Colorado Division of Wildlife.

  1. Florida officials said one of their game officers was killed by a felon who was hunting with a gun.
  2. The AP review found that roughly 8 percent of 8,732 people on parole or probation in Montana had obtained hunting licenses in the past year.
  3. Many hunters with felony convictions had no listed phone numbers, while others did not return calls seeking comment.
  4. In rare cases the state even gave hunting licenses to felons who didn’t ask for them.
  5. One convicted felon contacted by the AP, Larry Pettijohn, wasn’t aware he held a bird hunting license.

The state gave it to him for free because he qualified for it as a senior citizen who had purchased a state conservation license, the base permit for both hunters and anglers. “All I ever do is fish,” said Pettijohn, of Missoula, on parole for felony drunken driving and being a persistent felon. “I don’t have a gun. Not allowed to.”

  • : Montana felons able to get hunting licenses

    Are trail cameras legal in Montana?

    Are Trail Cameras Legal? How to Set Them up Legally are indeed a wonderful way to photograph animals in their habitat. It’s a simple device that anyone can use and appreciate. However, let’s admit it, the hunting industry drives the whole trail camera sector.

    • It’s a way for hunters to assess and maintain properties and a useful tool for finding and patterning animals, which are all valuable to hunters.
    • Trail cameras are legal in most states, but there are some restrictions on their use.
    • For example, in Nevada and Arizona, trail cameras are banned for hunting purposes.

    In Montana, Utah, Kansas, New Hampshire and Alaska, the use of wireless or cellular cameras is prohibited during the hunting season. Paraphrasing from the law, “No person shall use a live camera to locate or monitor any wildlife to capture or attempt to capture wildlife.” What is a wildlife camera? The, or trail camera, is a device designed for filming and photographing animals outdoors.

    • When an animal passes by, it begins filming or photographing immediately.
    • In some models, you can download the files wirelessly over Wi-Fi, while others allow you to save the images to a memory card that can be inserted into your computer.
    • It is perfectly legal to view images taken with trail cameras for non-consumer entertainment purposes, research, wildlife management, and personal photography.
    See also:  What Are The Four Basic Principles Of Roman Law?

    However, it is not legal to use trail camera images for commercial purposes without the express permission of the property owner. It is also important to refrain from posting trail camera images online without the consent of the people pictured. You can enjoy trail camera images without inadvertently breaking the law by respecting these simple guidelines.

    What colors do deer dislike?

    What colors can deer see? What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing Deer vision. Illustration by Adelaide Tyrol. Deer vision. Illustration by Adelaide Tyrol. B y Dave Mance III If you’re a hunter who’s ever ordered something from a sporting goods company, it’s probably safe to assume that you’ve been so inundated with catalogues over the past four months. God help you if you save your seed catalogues, too.

    If you take a moment to flip through your now complete seasonal collection, you might find yourself wondering why during archery season in October the companies were trying to sell you the latest and greatest camo patterns that would make you invisible to deer, but then, during rifle season in November, the same companies tried to sell you glowing blaze orange suits – but don’t worry, deer can’t see those colors anyway.

    Over the years I’ve had hunters tell me that deer can too see color, and that the conventional deer-are-color-blind thing is a white lie dreamed up by well-meaning government officials who were tired of hunters shooting one and other. (For the record, there is overwhelming evidence that wearing bright colors during rifle season saves human lives, and blaze orange is mandatory in some states.) On the other hand, there’s a similar conspiracy theory that holds that maybe it’s just the camo clothing companies who are blurring the truth here, as it’s in their best interest to sell you two sets of hunting clothes, one for each season. What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing Deer vision. Illustration by Adelaide Tyrol. What researchers have found is that deer can see colors, though they don’t experience them in the same way we do. They can pick out short (blue) and middle (green) wavelength colors, but they’re less sensitive to long wavelength colors such as red and orange.

    • They’re essentially red-green color blind,” said Brian Murphy, a wildlife biologist and the CEO of Quality Deer Management Association.
    • Murphy participated in research done at the University of Georgia in the 1990s, where different wavelengths of light were emitted into the eyes of sedated deer and researchers measured the deer’s brainstem responses.

    The difference in the way that humans and deer see goes beyond color. Deer have excellent night vision, thanks to eyes with a high concentration of rods, an oval pupal that acts like an aperture on a camera, and a layer of tissue that acts like a mirror and magnifies light.

    (This tissue, called the tapetum lucidum, is why their eyes glow when you shine a light on them in the dark.) But their eyes have only about half the number of cones that ours do, which affects their daytime and long wavelength color vision. If you’re a hunter or nature photographer who’s trying to be inconspicuous in the woods, it seems that the worst color you can wear is blue.

    Deer eyes lack the ultraviolet light filter that human and other longer-lived animals have, which means they see blues and other short-wavelength colors about twenty times better than we do. “Blue jeans are much more vivid to a deer than blaze orange,” said Murphy.

    Color-conscious outdoorspeople should be aware, too, that clothing companies and laundry detergent manufacturers often add UV dyes and enhancers to their garments and cleaning products, so clothing can take on an ultraviolet glow regardless of color or pattern. The takeaway seems to be that there’s nothing conspiratorial going on when a fish and wildlife department urges hunters to wear orange – in fact, hunters should feel free to wear orange during archery season, too.

    If you’re more inclined towards cool colors, avoid blue and anything that’s UV brightened. And if you’re a young hunter feeling overwhelmed by the advice being dispensed by clothing manufacturers and the self-appointed experts in the hunting magazines, also keep in mind the big picture here.

    • A deer’s sense of smell may be 1,000 times better than ours, their hearing is at least as good as ours, and as a prey species, their brains have been hardwired over millennia to pick up on the slightest movement in the woods and associate it with danger.
    • In short, what color your hunting clothes are is pretty insignificant in the grand scheme of things.

    This week’s Outside Story feature was written by Dave Mance III, editor of Northern Woodlands magazine. The Outside Story is assigned and edited by Northern Woodlands magazine and sponsored by the of New Hampshire Charitable Foundation. Illustration by Adelaide Tyrol. : What colors can deer see?

    Can animals see orange hunting vests?

    Can Deer See Blaze Orange? What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing It’s a question as old as blaze-orange vests and caps. Hunters worry that their required safety-orange apparel will give them away to the sharp eyes of deer. After much research into deer vision capabilities and the physical structure of deer eyes, University of Georgia researchers Dr.

    1. Arl V. Miller and Dr.
    2. Gino D’Angelo wrote an article in NDA’s magazine on their findings.
    3. For the article, Karl and Gino attempted to put on “Deer Goggles.” Taking what they learned about deer and human focal perspectives, fields of view, and color perception, they used photo editing software to create the two views you see above of a hunter in a woodland scene (The image above shows a small part of each image, so be sure to click on the complete comparison in the Gallery below).

    Though not intended to show you exactly what the world looks like to a deer, the comparison helps explain how deer view the world differently than we do, and it helps answer the question: Can deer see hunter orange? First, Karl and Gino explained why the human view of the scene looks the way it does: “With the human eye focused on the hunter’s face, the human optic fovea provides crisp detail, but only in a very small circular area.

    In the areas of peripheral vision, everything is out of focus and detail suffers. Human vision is capable of perceiving the long-wavelength reds and hunter orange.” This is easy enough to understand, because we have human eyes. We are predators and are capable of focusing on forward objects. Our binocular overlap (the area that both of our eyes view at the same time) is 140 degrees, allowing us to focus on single points and perceive depth very well.

    A deer’s binocular overlap, however, is only 60 degrees, giving them relatively poor depth perception. “Deer must shift their head to gain a three-dimensional perspective of an object by looking at it from several different angles. This is probably the main reason why deer bob their heads when they encounter potential danger.” Of course, deer have less binocular overlap because their eyes are on the sides of their heads, bringing the advantage of a wider field of view.

    • Without moving their heads, deer can see nearly 300 degrees of their surroundings, leaving only a 60-degree blind spot to the rear.
    • This gives them the ability to detect objects around them in a wide visual strip.
    • Though fine detail is not a deer’s strength, they are very good at detecting outlines and movement in their surroundings.

    Now, let’s put on our Deer Goggles and consider the woodland scene again. Karl and Gino altered the scene in part by considering the numbers of rods and cones in a deer’s retina compared to a human’s. Rods are photoreceptors that help in low-light conditions.

    • Cones are photoreceptors that enable color vision and distinguish fine details.
    • With substantially fewer cones in their retina compared to humans, everything would appear ‘grainy’ to the deer, like a photograph taken with very high speed film.
    • In the area of the horizontal visual streak centered on the hunter’s face, the deer’s acuity is somewhat enhanced and they gain more detail.

    Deer would not perceive the longer wavelengths of color, so the oranges and reds have turned to brown or gray. This photograph was taken just before sunset when UV rays are at their peak. To the deer’s visual system, the short wavelength blues are enhanced and are visible on the right side of the trees in the direction of the setting sun.

    • The hunter is wearing a new, unwashed pair of camouflage pants.
    • Also visible to the deer are the UV enhancers glowing from these pants.” “The human lens and central portion of the retina have yellow pigmentation to absorb and filter out UV light from the sun, which also filters some blues and violets.

    The lens of deer is perfectly clear, and they lack yellow pigmentation in their retina. Deer, being short-lived as compared to humans, do not need such protection from the sun. The absence of these filters allows them to capitalize on the additional light available from the shorter wavelengths of light.

    1. Coincidentally, these colors of light are most abundant when the sun is below the horizon at dawn and dusk when the deer’s ultra-sensitive rods are functioning.
    2. This gives them a distinct advantage when they’re moving to and from their bedding areas at these times.” The answer to our question is: No, deer cannot see blaze orange the same way that humans see it.

    It likely appears brown or gray to deer. But they are more sensitive to blue wavelengths than humans, and probably to clothing that has been washed in detergent that contains UV brighteners. But what is more important than worrying about your orange vest or other colors is worrying about your silhouette and movement.

    1. Notice that the hunter in the Deer Goggles example is standing in the open, on the ground, making no effort at concealment or to break up their outline using natural cover.
    2. Even wearing camo, this hunter will be easy for a deer to spot.
    3. Because of the deer’s limited acuity and poor depth perception, you need not be overly concerned with the fine details of camouflage patterns.

    Instead, set up with a sufficient background of cover similar to your attire. Focus on breaking up your human form by playing on the major visual themes common in most natural scenes – muted colors and large visually distinct elements. Most importantly, move wisely. : Can Deer See Blaze Orange?

    How long can a deer go without being field dressed?

    A deer can go for about three days without being field dressed, but it’s essential to keep the animal calm and dry during this time. If you can capture the deer quickly, there is no need to waste time carrying out the slaughter process.

    Is Blaze pink legal in Montana?

    Bill allowing hunters to wear pink is insulting The Senate Fish and Game Committee in Montana voted 9-2 last week to introduce a bill that allows hunters the option to wear florescent pink instead of orange. The Independent Record quoted Sen. Jennifer Fielder saying that legislators want to add a color option that’s “more attractive to the female hunters or guys who like pink.” Well, hunting isn’t about being attractive. Wearing blaze orange is about one thing, and one thing only: hunter safety. Since the story has broken, many of my fellow hunters have shared their opinion on this bill, and very few are positive. I have to agree. The law passed in Wisconsin, which now gives hunters the option to wear either florescent pink or orange. The main reason it was even introduced was to attract more hunters after studies have shown the decline of hunters over the past decade. The bill was directly aimed to recruit more women hunters, who make up around 10 percent of a largely male dominated sport. As a woman hunter, the idea that a switch to pink will encourage more female hunters is insulting to me. I don’t know one single female who chooses not to hunt because they think hunter orange doesn’t go well with their complexion. Women choose not to hunt for plenty of reasons, but the color they are required to wear is not one of them. I hunt because I depend on the meat to feed my family. I also hunt because I enjoy the sport. Hunting was a tradition taught to me at an early age, one that requires skill, patience and deep respect for nature. I was taught the love for hunting by my father, who, having five daughters and no sons, felt girls were just as capable as boys. I have no doubt that scientifically florescent pink may be just as easily seen as orange, but if it it’s not broken, why fix it? Why spend taxpayer’s money on this type of legislation? The only people I can see benefiting from this change would be clothing manufacturers, big giants like Under Armor who stand to make a killing off the sale of new merchandise. If we want to recruit more female hunters, let’s spend money on more hunter education or classes on weapons accuracy, including a few classes just for women in case they feel intimidated in a classroom of men. Let’s get the word out and educate people about why more hunters are needed to control deer and elk populations. Let’s educate people that are misinformed, thinking that hunting is simply killing. Let’s show the public how wildlife management actually helps the animal population. If nothing else, feed people an elk steak and let them taste just what they are missing. Reach freelance writer Jessica Gray at [email protected] : Bill allowing hunters to wear pink is insulting

    Can you shoot a deer with an orange collar?

    orange collar.jpeg Whitetail deer wearing GPS-equipped collars have been released in Alabama If one of your deer hunting buddies tells you that he encountered a deer wearing bling around its neck, don’t automatically write him off as a nut case. There are currently 30 white-tailed deer around the state wearing orange collars around their necks.

    There are another 60 wearing brown collars around theirs. These collars are meant to attract attention, but they are not fashion statements. They are part of a research study by Auburn University and knowing what to do if you see one is of utmost importance to that study. It is important to know that if you come across an orange-collared deer while hunting, don’t shoot it.

    The deer wearing orange collars provide GPS-tracking data for the study. The Auburn University study is looking at movement patterns of deer and the collar sends the deer’s location every hour. The study will show how deer move in response to hunting pressure and how they cross property lines as the season progresses.

    1. The brown-collared deer are part of a different study and they may be harvested.
    2. The brown collars, which are VHF radio-equipped, are designed to look at mortality rates.
    3. Some of the deer were collared about a year ago, while some have only had the collars for about two months.
    4. Auburn University researcher Steve Ditchkoff says while orange-collared deer should be left alone, his advice on brown-collared deer are is simple.

    “Shoot it if you would normally shoot it,” he said. “Pass it up if you would normally pass it up. We’re looking at mortality rates due to natural and human-induced causes.” Where might you encounter one of these bling-out deer? Good question The deer were released in four different areas in Alabama.

    One area is the Oakmulgee Wildlife Management Area in Bibb, Hale, Perry and Tuscaloosa counties. Others were released on the Barbour County WMA. Two groups were released on private property in Pickens and Marengo counties. The study is expected to last another 16 months. Another four to six months will be needed to analyze the data and issue a report.

    Mike Bolton is editor of Alabama Outdoor News. He may reached at [email protected] If you purchase a product or register for an account through one of the links on our site, we may receive compensation.

    What is the safest color to wear while hunting?

    What Colors Can Deer See? – The eyes of a deer are not the same as human eyes. Each animal species has its own physical makeup. Deer have fewer cones in their eyes than humans, making it impossible for them to perceive colors and light the same way we do.

    Their eyes also lack UV filtration, so they’re susceptible to harsh lighting. Their vision excels in low-light conditions, like early morning and just before sunset. Deer can’t see colors like vivid orange, green and red, which is one reason why bright orange safety vests are are acceptable to wear while deer hunting.

    The yellow and blue color spectrums are easiest for deer to see, especially shades of blue.

    What color scares deer the most?

    What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing Nighttime hunting requires specific lighting in order for the hunter to see where they are and to spot the game they are hunting. Although white light is best for illumination at night, most hunters know that a white light will likely spook and scare away the game being hunted. What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing Green lights are the preferred choice among hog hunters because hogs are typically darker in color and the green light contrasts and illuminates their bodies easier than a red light does. Hogs also have a harder time seeing green light as opposed to red light, so the chance of spooking the animal lessens with the use of a green light.

    Green light also illuminates a broader area compared to red light, which allows hunters to see better and farther in dark and sometimes challenging nighttime conditions. The science behind the way human and mammal eyes are configured can explain why certain light colors are not ideal for nighttime hunting.

    Mammals have rods and cones just like humans, which are the two types of cells that receive light inside the eye. Rods are sensitive to low light but do not register any colors, while cones do pick up color in daylight. Compared to mammals, humans have more cones and can distinguish colors much easier, but have fewer rods making night vision more difficult.

    Although deer have more rods and can see much better at night, research indicates that deer do see some colors pretty well and mostly sense the colors towards the violet end of the color spectrum. This means that deer have the ability to see blues and even ultraviolet (UV) light, but are also sensitive to white and yellow light as well.

    So, the most ideal light colors for deer hunting include red, green and orange as deer see these colors as grey and are less startled by them. Larson Electronics understands the needs of hunters and offers a wide selection of colored lights for nighttime hunting, including handheld rechargeable spotlights with a red hunting lens and handheld spotlights with a green lens,

    See also:  Where Should I Hide During Martial Law?

    What color is most visible to deer?

    What Is The Montana Law Requirement For Hunter Orange Clothing From our friends at Grand View Outdoors – By Darren Warner – June 16, 2017 WE KNOW DEER HAVE A GREAT SENSE OF SMELL. BUT WHAT ABOUT THEIR SIGHT AND HEARING? KNOWING HOW A BUCK SEES AND HEARS YOU CAN HELP YOU STAY HIDDEN. To this day, I still don’t know how the buck spotted me.

    It was early bow season, and I was perched 25 feet off the ground in an ancient oak tree. A month before archery season, I had spent several hours “squirreling” my elevated stand, meaning that I’d strategically tied oak boughs around the stand with dark green baler twine to blend it into the gigantic tree.

    The limbs would give me protection from being spotted by deer as they neared the stand. The setup was perfect — just like the camouflage clothing and face paint I had covered myself with. I felt confident there was zero chance I’d get busted before I drew back on a 4½-year-old buck that had made a habit of sauntering by my stand to feed in an old orchard.

    But when the moment of truth arrived, all I was left with was the feeling that I’d unknowingly done something that tipped the buck off. He appeared out of the timber and started walking right toward me. At 75 yards away, the deer suddenly stopped, looked straight at me and then turned back the way he had come and took off.

    Did the wind turn? Nope. Did I move? No siree bob. Even though the heartbreaking encounter happened five years ago, I still feel like it was yesterday — and I still don’t know how the buck saw me. Ask 100 hunters how well deer can see, and you’ll probably get 100 different answers.

    1. The Internet is clogged with stories on the visual capabilities of whitetails.
    2. One story claims deer can see 100 times better than humans, while another states whitetails can easily see 300 times better.
    3. Related: Whitetail Science – When Bucks Go Rogue The same goes for how well whitetails can hear.
    4. I’ve personally read one story that stated deer can hear 100 times better than humans.

    Another said they can detect sound only 10 times better than us. So much for the Internet being full of useful information! The truth is, these are all just estimates of how well deer see and hear. They are primarily derived from either personal, or other hunters’, experiences.

    But recently some scientists have studied these two senses in deer, and what they’ve learned might surprise you. The knowledge they’ve gained will definitely help you achieve better concealment while hunting, increasing your odds of taking more wary deer. WHAT DEER SEE When it comes to whitetail vision, everything about deer eyes is uniquely designed to help the animals detect and escape from predators.

    Start with how the eyes are positioned. A whitetail’s eyes are found on the sides of its head, enabling the deer to have a field of view (FOV) of about 310 degrees. This means a deer’s blind spot is only about 50 degrees — less than a third the size of our own.

    1. In comparison, humans with two healthy eyes have a field of view of 180 degrees.
    2. To understand the physical components of deer vision and how they are different from ours, let’s harken back to high-school anatomy class, where most of us learned about eye anatomy.
    3. The retina contains two types of photoreceptors, called cones and rods.

    Rods are most sensitive to light changes, shape and movement, and they contain only one type of light-sensitive pigment. Rods allow us to see in low light, such as at dawn and dusk, while cones contain millions of photopigments, giving animals and humans color vision.

    1. Humans have trichromatic color vision, meaning our eyes contain three types of photopigments.
    2. The photopigments enable us to see short, moderate and long wavelengths of light, corresponding to blue, green and red colors.
    3. In contrast, whitetail eyes only have two photopigment types, giving them dichromatic color vision.

    Scientists believe that deer can primarily see short-wavelength blue light, and moderate-wavelength light that they probably perceive as something between red and green. Related: Do Whitetail Bucks Really Use Seven Scent Glands “We believe that deer see green as shades of grays to yellow; reds as yellow tones; and blues are much more intense for deer than they are for us,” said George Gallagher, professor of animal science at Berry College,

    Unlike humans, deer don’t have an ultraviolet (UV) filter in their lens, making their eyes far more susceptible to the sun’s damaging UV rays. The trade-off is that researchers surmise deer can see UV light — something humans can’t detect. By studying the physical characteristics of deer eyes, scientists estimate deer have 20/100 vision.

    This means that the level of detail whitetails see at 20 feet is what normal human vision can see back to 100 feet. “If you’re a deer, you don’t have to be able to count the whiskers on a mountain lion to know that it’s a threat,” added Gallagher. Researchers also discovered that deer have a higher ratio of rods to cones and a pupil 10 times larger than humans.

    1. These factors, and the lack of a UV filter, give deer far superior vision in low light.
    2. Unlike in human eyes, the cones in a deer’s eye are distributed across the back of the eye on a horizontal plane.
    3. The lens in a deer’s eye also can’t adjust to objects at varying distances.
    4. These factors give deer less visual clarity than humans have.

    An object a deer is looking at straight on is equally in focus as something out to the side — so don’t assume that because a deer isn’t looking directly at you that it can’t see you. Bradly Cohen, Ph.D., a research scientist at the University of Georgia’s Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, trained seven whitetail does to associate light wavelengths with a food reward to test how well deer can see.

    • Deer were given a choice of two empty food troughs, but would only receive a food reward when they chose to try feeding from the trough where an LED light stimulus was illuminated.
    • After being trained, deer were tested on six different light wavelengths and a variety of light intensities to determine which colors of light they can see.

    Cohen found that deer saw colors in the blue spectrum best, and those in the red spectrum the worst. He also confirmed anatomical studies that have found deer can see greens, yellows and UV light, but that they don’t perceive the different color shades to the extent that humans do.

    Cohen noted that a deer’s visual capabilities perfectly fit their lifestyle. “It’s no coincidence that during dawn and dusk, when the greatest amount of light is in the blue spectrum, is also when deer are most active,” said Cohen. “They’re most adapted to the wavelength of light that is most available when they move around the most.” Because deer can’t distinguish color shades as well as we can, wearing camouflage clothing containing similar colors actually makes you appear like one big blob to deer.

    “While deer color vision is important, they key in more on movement,” added Cohen. “If you are a solid silhouette, movement is easier to pick up on than if you wear clothing containing colors that break up your outline.” WHAT DEER HEAR Several years ago, wildlife biologists Dr.

    • Arl Miller and Dr.
    • Gino D’Angelo from the University of Georgia conducted clinical trials on how well deer can hear and what frequencies they can detect best.
    • Before digging into the research, let’s again think back to high school and remember what we learned about sound in science class.
    • Sound is a form of energy, just like electricity or light, and is made when air molecules vibrate and move in a pattern of waves.

    The pitch, or frequency, of sound is measured in hertz and describes how fast the air molecules are vibrated by the sound. The faster the vibration, the higher the frequency. Lower-frequency sounds, such as human speech, travel farther than higher-frequency sounds, like an arrow hitting metal.

    1. Miller and D’Angelo placed deer of various ages in a soundproof booth, attached electrodes and measured brainwave activity in response to different sound frequencies.
    2. They found that, when it comes to hearing, deer and humans are more alike than people might realize.
    3. A deer’s hearing capabilities aren’t that different from ours,” Miller said.

    “Their greatest capability is in the same range as sounds we hear.” Like humans, deer hear best in moderate frequencies, 4,000-8,000 hertz. Deer vocalizations like bawls, bleats and grunts are all in this range. Deer can detect sound at lower volumes than we can, but the difference isn’t great.

    1. Where deer excel is in detecting high-pitched sounds.
    2. While the upper end of human hearing is about 20,000 hertz, deer can hear frequencies to at least 30,000 hertz.
    3. Just looking a deer’s ears demonstrates how they’re built to detect predator sounds.
    4. Their ears are uniquely shaped to gather a great deal of sound and to pinpoint where each sound is coming from.

    Without turning its head, a deer can rotate its ears to localize sound. Whitetails are wired to quickly distinguish between sounds that represent a threat and those that don’t. This explains why deer run away after hearing two hunters whisper, but stay put when they hear two squirrels playing.

    1. Deer also quickly learn to associate sounds like the slamming of a car door and laughter to the presence of human predators.
    2. Any unusual sound can trip a deer’s internal alarm.
    3. Hunters plod through the woods to get to their stands, but no four-legged critter sounds like a person walking.
    4. Mix up your walking cadence and occasionally blow into a squirrel call to throw deer off.

    Take your time getting to your stand. If you see or hear what you think is a deer nearby, stop and remain motionless for several minutes. Trim bushes and branches along the path to your stand so you don’t make a ruckus getting to your favorite hunting spot.

    The moral of all this information is that hunters should respect a deer’s eyes and ears, but not go overboard. Slow down, minimize the amount of movement and sound you make, and do your best to blend into your surroundings. Taking these precautions could mean the difference between attaching your tag to a monster buck and just seeing the white of its tail.

    ## For the ultimate in concealment, see the full line of Hunting Blinds by Texas Hunter Products with the exclusive Hide-A-Way Window System. This exclusive window system includes both clear and solid ‘concealment’ panels that can be positioned in any configuration in the blind to maximize your visibility while remaining fully hidden from the field of view.

    Why do hunters wear camouflage if deer are color blind?

    It’s for your safety. This is required during gun deer season. Deer are color blind. They can see in the dark, because they have more rods than cones in their eyes.

    Does Montana require hunter safety?

    Is completion of the Montana state agency-approved course required in order to buy a license? – Yes, in some cases. In order to buy a license, Montana requires that hunters who were born after January 1, 1985, must first complete a course approved by the Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks and IHEA-USA.

    Do you have to wear hunter orange in Wyoming?

    Wyoming law requires the wearing of one fluorescent orange garment during the firearm’s season to include a hat, shirt, jacket, coat or sweater of a fluorescent orange color. Any one of these items in solid orange or a camo orange pattern would fulfill the requirement.

    Can hunters wear pink?

    When and How to Wear Fluorescent Pink or Orange – The requirements on when and how to wear fluorescent pink or fluorescent orange are: Big game and trophy game hunters, except those hunting during the special archery season, are required to wear one exterior garment of fluorescent orange or fluorescent pink in a visible manner.

    • This means a hat, shirt, jacket, coat, vest or sweater.
    • Advertisement – Story continues below.
    • Fluorescent orange or fluorescent pink camouflage is legal.
    • If a hunter wishes to wear more than one fluorescent exterior garment while in the field, they can wear both fluorescent orange and fluorescent pink.

    Pheasant hunters in certain locations and wild bison hunters are also required to wear fluorescent orange or fluorescent pink. Also, any archer who is hunting during the regular season must wear one of these fluorescent colors as well. Not sure what fluorescent pink looks like? Pantone 806C, shown below, represents a good standard.

    Can you use game cameras in Montana?

    Hunting Season Tips and Reminders Release Date: Oct 24, 2016 Contact(s): Marna Daley, 406-587-6703 Bozeman and Billings, MT – Good luck to all hunters this fall hunting season. With general rifle season approaching, the Forest Service hopes you have a good hunt and offers some tips and reminders in order to protect your natural resources and make your visit more enjoyable.

    1. Pick up a Motor Vehicle Use Map – Motorized Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs) outline designated road and trail systems and are free at any of the Custer Gallatin Forest Ranger District Offices or online at,
    2. Remember if there is no numbered route marker than the road or trail is closed.
    3. In addition there are a few roads and trail closures that go into effect during the spring and fall seasons so please check the MVUM or with your local Ranger District Office before heading out.

    Licensing – Remember that Montana state law requires drivers and vehicles to be licensed and “street legal” when on numbered Forest Service roads. Off highway vehicles on Forest Service trails must have a state “OHV sticker” and anyone under the age of 18 must wear a helmet if riding a motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle (ATV) or utility terrain vehicle (UTV).

    • Seat belts must be worn while riding in a UTV.
    • Drones and game cameras – The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) or drones for hunting are prohibited on National Forest System lands.
    • Game cameras are not allowed per Montana law.
    • Food Storage – Food storage requirements are in place for the Beartooth, Yellowstone, Gardiner, Bozeman and Hebgen Lake Ranger Districts.

    Remember to store all attractants in 1) a closed, solid-sided vehicle or horse trailer, 2) in bear-resistant containers certified by the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee (IGBC), or 3) hung 10 feet off the ground and four feet out from any tree or support pole.

    1. Between 100 yards and one-half mile from your camp, you must hang or store your animal carcass just like other items that can attract bears.
    2. You can leave a carcass on the ground if it’s at least one-half mile from camping areas and at least 200 yards from a trail.
    3. Storing carcasses in a hard-sided horse trailer 100 yards away is okay, too.

    Caches – Remember to remove tree stands and any equipment or cache when you leave. Noxious weeds –Ensure you’re bringing only certified weed free feed onto public lands. To qualify, your hay bales must be tagged. Wash your vehicles thoroughly before you head off on your hunting trip.