What Is The Zadroga Law?
- Marvin Harvey
2010 – On January 2, 2011, President Obama signed the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010 into law (Public Law 111-347). Title I of the Zadroga Act amended the Public Health Service Act to establish the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program within the Department of Health and Human Services to provide medical monitoring and treatment benefits to eligible firefighters and related personnel, law enforcement officers, and rescue, recovery, and cleanup workers who responded to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York City, at the Pentagon, and in Shanksville, Pennsylvania (responders).
What is the Zadroga Act?
Why Congress Developed the Zadroga Act – The Zadroga Act’s original enactment came after members of Congress heard about and witnessed thousands of people becoming ill and some dying due to toxic chemical exposure at the World Trade Center, Pentagon, and airline crash sites.
What is the James Zadroga 911 Health & Compensation Act?
Zadroga Act Summary – James Zadroga 911 Health & Compensation Act ( Public law 111-347, or the Zadroga Act) of 2010 was signed into law on 2 nd January 2011 by President Obama. Tile I of the Act established a special program in the Department of Health & Human Services to offer medical monitoring and treatment to eligible individuals.
- Title II reopened the VCF and made amendments to the Air Transportation Safety & System Stabilization Act.
- Title II also introduced new filing deadlines, new beneficiary categories, put a cap on total awards payable by the fund, and limited attorney fees for awards under the fund.
- The Zadroga Act didn’t have administrative funds for the VCF to start accepting and processing claims.
On 15 th April, President Obama signed Public Law 112-10 into law (the continuing budget resolution), permitting the VCF to draw Zadroga Act funds and use the funds to pay for administrative expenses from 1 st October 2011. On 18 th December 2015, Public Law 114-113 was signed into law to reauthorize the Zadroga Act – extend the time period where eligible claimants submitted claims.
Who is James Zadroga?
Who is James Zadroga? – A Comprehensive Guide of the Zadroga Act : James Zadroga was an NYPD (New York City Police Department) officer who died on 5 th January 2006 of a respiratory illness linked to his involvement in rescue and recovery operations at the WTC (World Trade Center) site following the 11 th September 2001 terrorist attacks.
Zadroga was the first individual whose death was officially recognized as being caused by exposure to toxic chemicals and materials at the 9/11 attack sites. Since joining the NYPD in 1992, Zadroga had risen in rank and become a Detective. He wasn’t a smoker and had no previous history of respiratory conditions.
However, he developed a cough weeks after spending over 450 hours assisting in the 9/11 recovery efforts at the WTC site. After a few months, he developed other symptoms such as shortness of breath to the extent of being unable to walk over 100 feet without stopping and gasping for air.
- In 2004, Zadroga received a monetary settlement of approximately $1 million from the September 11 th Victim Compensation Fund.
- The settlement was awarded after it was determined that his exposure at Ground Zero was the cause of his respiratory disease.
- Zadroga also retired in 2004 after his application for permanent disability retirement was approved by the NYPD medical board.
James Zadroga inspired an Act named after him ( The James Zadroga 9/11 Health & Compensation Act ) or Zadroga Act, which set the basis for the September 11 th VCF ( Victim Compensation Fund ) and the WTC health program which were both reauthorized in 2015.
When did the James Zadroga Act of 2010 expire?
James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Reauthorization Act of 2015 – In December 2015, during President Obama’s second term, he signed another bill that provided a continuation of the James Zadroga Act of 2010, The new authorization was set to expire in December 2020.
Removed the $10,000 minimum award amountPlaced a cap of $90,000 for non-economic loss for health conditions unrelated to cancerPlaced a cap of $250,000 for non-economic loss for cancerPlaced a cap on annual gross income of $200,000 for each year of lossRequired VCF administrators to prioritize benefit claims from 9/11 victims who had the most serious health conditions